The Blood Falls Of Antarctica, is a naturally occurring phenomenon where the Taylor Glacier in Antarctica emits a red discharge through an opening. Due to the color of the emission, the event is labeled as ‘Blood Falls’. It is a stark contrast to the usual, transparent water that glaciers usually emit. The opening from where the blood red discharge oozes out is roughly 50 feet, giving the impression of a bloody waterfall.
The Blood Falls was discovered in the year 1911; by Explorer-geologist Griffith Taylor.1 Taylor was part of the Terra Nova Expedition, undertaken between the years 1910–1913, where his designation was senior geologist.
Research undertaken by The National Science Foundation, originally stated that the liquid oozing out of the glacier was microbial in nature.2 The study stated that microbes beneath the glacier had found a way to absorb iron. Thus, resulting in the blood red color of the discharge.
In another study, scientists were able to identify the discharge as Iron-rich liquid that oxidizes when it comes in contact with surface atmosphere and turns red.
- The source of the red discharge is the subglacial ecosystem beneath the Taylor glacier. Meaning, it originates under the glacier
- Conditions at this subglacial ecosystem are extremely alien. There is no presence of oxygen and light. Presence of chloride, iron and sulfate are identified here.
- Over 17 different species of bacteria call the subglacial ecosystem their home. This is rather rare as the bacteria has found a way to survive without light or oxygen. 3
- This subglacial source has an output roughly 50 feet atop the glacier
Other natural anomalies
Pink lake, Australia
A 600 meter long lake in Australia is completely pink in color. 4 The abnormal coloring is linked to a bacteria that breeds within the waterbody. The bacteria excretes a substance that colors the lake pink.
Dinoflagellates is a plankton species that turn regular waves into brightly lit, vibrant and exciting bioluminescent waves. 5 Another type of plankton that can cause bioluminescent waves is called Lingulodinium polyedrum.
Abraham Lake, Canada
The Abraham Lake in Canada is an another example of rare natural phenomena. When the lake is frozen, blobs of frozen methane gas bubbles can be seen just beneath it’s surface. 6